North American black bear
At the Detroit Zoo
North American black bear Migwan was rescued near Gladwin, Michigan as a cub with porcupine quills in her face, and arrived at the Detroit Zoo in October 2002. She can be seen in the bear dens in the American Grasslands.
The North American black bear isn’t always black. In western North America, it may have a cinnamon, blonde or honey-colored coat, and along Canada’s Pacific coast may even be white or bluish-gray. The large, muscular bear has rounded ears and large feet and claws.
Scientific name: Ursus americanus
Continent: North America
Habitat: Forests, mountains and swamps
Size: 3 feet (at the shoulder); 5-6 feet tall
Weight: 200-650 pounds
Diet: The American black bear is an omnivore and eats browse, roots, berries, insects, small mammals and fish.
Reproduction: Gestation 220 days; one to five cubs
Lifespan: 20 years
Conservation Status: Least Concern
There are more than 15,000 North American black bears in Michigan (mostly in the Upper Peninsula).
Contrary to popular belief, black bears don’t hibernate. Beginning in October and November, they enter a state of lethargy that lasts all winter, and they sleep most of the time. During this time they can, however, be roused and become active.